Please download one of the latest releases in order to get an API-stable version of cairo. You'll need both the cairo and pixman packages.
See In-Progress Development (below) for details on getting and building the latest pre-release source code if that's what you're looking for.
Many distributions including Debian, Fedora, and others regularly include recent versions of cairo. As more and more applications depend on cairo, you might find that the library is already installed. To get the header files installed as well may require asking for a -dev or -devel package as follows:
For Debian and Debian derivatives including Ubuntu:
sudo apt-get install libcairo2-dev
sudo yum install cairo-devel
zypper install cairo-devel
Precompiled binaries for Windows platforms can be obtained in a variety of ways.
From Dominic Lachowicz:
Since GTK+ 2.8 and newer depends on Cairo, you can have Cairo installed on Win32 as a side-effect of installing GTK+. For example, see The Glade/GTK+ for Windows Toolkit.
From Daniel Keep (edited by Kalle Vahlman):
You probably want at least the zlib, cairo, and libpng run-time archives (you can search on those strings to find them in the page). That should be it. Just pop libcairo-2.dll, libpng13.dll and zlib1.dll into your working directory or system PATH, and away you go!
That gives you the base cairo functions, the PNG functions, and the Win32 functions.
Mac OS X
Using MacPorts, the port is called 'cairo', so you can just type:
sudo port install cairo
And to upgrade to newer versions once installed:
sudo port upgrade cairo
If you use fink instead, the command to install cairo is:
sudo apt-get install cairo
In general, fink is more conservative about upgrading packages than MacPorts, so the MacPorts version will be closer to the bleeding edge, while the fink version may well be more stable.
If you want to stay on the absolute cutting-edge of what's happening with cairo, and you don't mind playing with software that is unstable and full of rough edges, then we have several things you might enjoy:
We may from time to time create a snapshot of the current state of cairo. These snapshots do not guarantee API stability as the code is still in an experimental state. Again, you'll want both cairo and pixman packages from that directory.
Browsing the latest code
Downloading the source with git
You may also use git to clone a local copy of the cairo library source code. The following git commands are provided for your cut-and-paste convenience.
git clone git://anongit.freedesktop.org/git/cairo git clone git://anongit.freedesktop.org/git/pixman.git
followed by periodic updates in each resulting directory:
Once you have a clone this way, you can browse it locally with graphical tools such as gitk or gitview. You may also commit changes locally with "git commit -a". These local commits will be automatically merged with upstream changes when you next "git pull", and you can also generate patches from them for submitting to the cairo mailing list with "git format-patch origin". To compile the clone, you need to run ./autogen.sh initially and then follow the instructions in the file named INSTALL.
You may need some distribution-specific development packages to compile cairo. If your are using Debian or Ubuntu, you may find additional details for Debian-derived systems helpful.
Git under Linux/UNIX
If you can't find git packages for your distribution, (though check for a git-core package as well), you can get tar files from http://code.google.com/p/git-core/downloads/list
Git on Windows
You can use Git on Windows either with msysgit or git inside Cygwin. Msysgit is the recommended way to go as the installation is much simpler and it provides a GUI. In all cases, make sure the drive you download the repository on is formatted NTFS, as Git will generate errors on FAT32.
See the msysgit project for the latest information about git for Windows. You'll find a .exe installer for git there, as well as pointers to the cygwin port of git as well. This is all you need to do.
GIT ON CYGWIN
Download and run the Cygwin Setup.exe from Cygwin's website. Walk through the initial dialog boxes until you reach the "Select Packages" page. Click the "View" button to display an alphabetical list of packages and select the 'git' package.
If you want to build using gcc, you will also need to select the following packages:
- 'automake' ( anything >=1.7 )
- 'git' ( no need to click on this again if you did so above )
Whether you build with gcc or not:
Click 'Next' and Cygwin setup will download all you need. After downloading, go to the directory where Cygwin is installed, and run "cygwin.bat". This will open a command prompt. Mount an existing directory on your hard drive, cd to that directory, and then follow the "Downloading with git" instructions above.
If you want to build using Visual Studio and still want the latest source, you will need cygwin, but you will only need to select the 'git' package. See the Visual Studio page for more details.
Building On Windows (Mozilla Build Environment flavor)
- Download and install zlib. Build zlib from its /projects folder, and use LIB RELEASE configuration.
- Download and install libpng. Build libpng from its /projects folder and use LIB RELEASE configuration.
- Install the MozillaBuild environment from here: MozillaBuild
- If you chose the default install path, you'll find in c:\mozilla-build several batch files. Edit the one corresponding to your version of VC++ (or a copy of it), and modify the INCLUDE and LIB paths. You'll need to add the zlib and libpng INCLUDE and LIBpaths. Also include <your repository>\cairo\src, <your repository>\cairo\boilerplate, and <your repository>\pixman\pixman to the INCLUDE paths. Here's an example (your paths will vary obviously):
rem Root of cairo building set "CAIROROOT=%HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH%\BuildCairo" rem Add zlib and libpng to LIB set "LIB=%LIB%;%CAIROROOT%\zlib\projects\visualc6\Win32_LIB_Release;%CAIROROOT%\libpng\projects\visualc71\Win32_LIB_Release" rem Add zlib and libpng to INCLUDE set "INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;%CAIROROOT%\zlib;%CAIROROOT%\libpng" rem Add cairo, boilerplate, and pixman to INCLUDE set "INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;%CAIROROOT%\cairo\src;%CAIROROOT%\cairo\boilerplate;%CAIROROOT\pixman\pixman"
- Launch the batch file you just modified. It'll open a mingw window. Ignore the error messages that might appear at the top of the window. We'll now build everything in debug configuration. For release, replace CFG=debug by CFG=release
- Browse to pixman's folder (pixman\pixman), and run make -f Makefile.win32 CFG=debug
- Browse to Cairo's src folder (cairo\src), and run make -f Makefile.win32 static CFG=debug. You now have your library in cairo\src\debug (or release). You can build the remaining ancillary cairo parts with the following steps, or go enjoy your library now.
- Browse to Cairo's boilerplate folder (cairo\boilerplate), and run make -f Makefile.win32 CFG=debug
- Browse to Cairo's test pdiff folder (cairo\test\pdiff), and run make -f Makefile.win32
- Browse to Cairo's test folder (cairo\test), and run make -f Makefile.win32 CFG=debug
- Browse to Cairo's benchmark folder (cairo\perf), and run make -f Makefile.win32 CFG=debug
Building in Visual Studio
You can create a Visual Studio solution and projects for each of these: pixman, cairo/src, cairo/boilerplate, cairo/test, cairo/perf. Check each project's properties, make them all makefile projects, and set the build command (NMake) as follows. This example applies to cairo/src in release configuration, residing in C:\Work\Cairo\src, with the Mozilla Build Tools installed in C:\mozilla-build:
C: cd Work\Cairo\src C:\mozilla-build\msys\local\bin\make.exe -f Makefile.win32 CFG=release
Modify the paths and the configuration as needed for the other projects.